Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968. Martin Luther King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. His nonviolent tactics was largely shaped by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.
He is also known for his very inspirational speeches. He is remembered for his powerful speeches which sought to bring about a united society – where race was not a barrier. One of such is the “I have a dream” speech.
King was awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges and universities. On October 14, 1964, King became the youngest winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in the U.S. In 1965, he was awarded the American Liberties Medallion by the American Jewish Committee for his "exceptional advancement of the principles of human liberty